This is a gear review of the Best Backpacking Water Filters on the market in [Currentyear].
When you’re out hiking, clean water is important. In the wilderness, there’s plenty of water to be found, but it’s not necessarily clean. There are so many different bacteria, parasites and viruses that live in rivers, streams, and puddles, that you can’t just fill a water bottle with it straight away.
That’s why you need one of the best water filters for backpacking. I’ve done all the research and narrowed down to the Best Ultralight Water Filters for Backpacking in 2022.
Table of Contents
- Best Water Filters for Backpacking 2022
- Best Backpacking Water Filter – Overall
- Best Water Filter Straw
- Best water filter for ultralight backpacking
- Best Water Filter and Purifier
- best pump water filter for backpacking
- Ultralight Water Filters for Hiking Buyer’s Guide
- Types of Filtration Systems
- Filtering Bacteria, Protozoa, Viruses and Parasites
- Frequently Asked Questions
Best Water Filters for Backpacking 2022
Here are the Best Water Filters for Backpacking in [Currentyear].
- Sawyer Squeeze
- LifeStraw Personal
- Sawyer MINI
- GRAYL Ultrapress Water Purifier
- Katadyn Vario
- Katadyn Hiker Pro Transparent
- Katadyn BeFree 0.6L
- EHS Water Filter
- Waterdrop Gravity
- SimPure Water Filter Straw
Best Backpacking Water Filter – Overall
> Very popular with thru hikers
> Very effective as a backpacking water filter
> Works as an inline filter and can screw onto many water bladders and soft water bottles
> Water bladder that is supplied with the filter is weak and will break easily
> Filter will crack if frozen
The Sawyer Squeeze filter is probably the most popular water filter you will see in the backcountry. It ticks many of the boxes when it comes to a backpacking water filter. It is lightweight, can screw onto the top of a platypus water bladder, coke bottle, or more commonly a Smart Water Bottle. It just works.
I’ve have filtered 1000s of liters of water with this filter over my many years of thru hiking. It works well at filtering water and what I like best is the ease of use and thread compatibility with Smart Water Bottles that I can buy at any gas station. I also like how when I am carrying a lot of water in the desert it will also work with my water bladder such as the Platypus water bladder.
When the hollow fiber filter becomes blocked with debris or dirt it can be back flushed with the supplied syringe. Just add clean water to the supplied syringe and pump the water in from the outlet to force out the dirt.
The filter works well and allows a good flow rate of water. It works much better than the Sawyer mini when it comes to the flow rate of the water and for most people it is a much better option.
Over the years I have been forced to purchase several of the Sawyer Squeeze Backpacking water filters because they just don’t seem to last as long as they say they do. And the supplied water bladder is not very durable. When you fill the dirty water into the bladder and attach the filter you may find that the seams break and leak water quite easily. Don’t rely on them. Take another water bladder and even better, take a smart water bottle to attach to the filter.
Overall, this is a very popular backpacking water filter that does a great job at keeping your drinking water clean. There is a reason almost every thru hiker and backpacker uses this filter. It provides one of the best balances between weight, cost and the ability to filter water. Highly recommended.
Best Water Filter Straw
> Ultralight – won’t take up too much room in your backpack and light to carry
> Effective – removes 99.999999% of waterborne bacteria, 99.999% of waterborne parasites, and 99.999% of microplastics
> Easy to use – filters as you drink the water
> Best for the wilderness and not general travel
> Does not attach to water bottles
The LifeStraw Personal is the perfect choice if you’re looking for something that’s super lightweight.
This particular water filter only weighs 2 ounces, so will be an ultralight addition to your backpack. It actively filters the water as you use it to drink.
This means you won’t have to do any pumping, and there aren’t any batteries needed.
The LifeStraw personal works to remove 99.999% of waterborne parasites, 99.999999% of waterborne bacteria, and 99.999% of microplastics.
It uses its unique microfiltration membrane to do so, as well as reducing cloudiness, sand, and silt. All you need to do is stick your LifeStraw in the water and drink.
Another great feature is that it’s designed to last you for a long time. The microbiological filter gives you 4,000 liters of clean, safe drinking water.
The Lifestraw Personal does not attach to water bottles so it must be used like a straw by placing it into a bottle and sucking. Also great for drinking directly from streams or when using a large mouth waterbottle.
The flow rate of the filter is OK and it works as promised.
This is a brand name water filter that is best when used in remote areas as a straw to sip water from remote streams.
Best water filter for ultralight backpacking
> Effective – removes the vast majority of bacteria and parasites, as well as 100% of microplastics
> Compact – small, lightweight, and easy to stash away in your backpack
> Long lasting – filter life is up to 100,000 gallons of water over its lifetime
> Clogs easily – silt and dirt build up quickly inside the filter due to it’s small size.
The Sawyer Mini water filtration system is very popular with ultralight thru hikers. Weighing only 2 ounces / 56 grams, it is one of the most popular water filters for ultralight backpacking when completing any of the Hiking Triple Crown Trails.
The Sawyer Mini attached to the end of a water bottle instead of the cap. You then squeeze the bottle and suck the water through the filter.
The hollow fiber filter does a good job but as it is so small it will clog up easier than any other filter which makes for a much lower flow rate. It is easy to back flush sediments and dirt from the filter with the lightweight syringe that is supplied.
Its lightweight and compact nature makes it the perfect addition to your hiking gear. This particular water filter is highly effective.
It’s capable of removing 99.99999% of all bacteria from the water you filter as well as harmful parasites and microplastics that can lurk in water. Giardia and cryptosporidium are removed with this filter.
A handy feature is that it’s capable of filtering up to 100,000 gallons of water. In reality it will probably not last that long. I tended to replace this filter after every thru hike or around 150 days of very heavy use, which can be around 1500 liters of water. I just drop the filter a lot and wanted to make sure it was not cracked or broken.
For those wanting a slightly faster flow rate, take a look at the Sawyer Squeeze. The Sawyer Squeeze is one slightly heavier but for many hikers they are a better option.
Overall, this is one of the best backpacking water filters to invest in if you are an ultralight thru hiker who wants one of the lightest filters on the market.
Best Water Filter and Purifier
> Lightweight filter that you can add to your backpack
> Removes the majority of bacteria and protozoa, parasites, and even many chemicals
> This is the best lightweight filter for international travel
> You will need to wait for the water to filter before it’s safe to drink
> Can’t be used on water with much sediment which will restrict the flow rate and block easily
The GRAYL ultrapress water purifier is great for lengthy hiking trips but much better suited to travel than backpacking in the wilderness. It is the updated version of the Grayl Geopress and is lighter and better.
The GRAYL is one of the better backpacking filters and purifiers which is quite compact and will easily fit in with the rest of your hiking or travel equipment.
It removes harmful waterborne pathogens to leave you with clean, safe water. Not only that, it works to make the water taste better overall, too.
The GRAYL ultrapress water purifier is able to remove sediment, silt, as well as many chemicals such as chlorine and benzene. But when the water is filled with a lot of sediment it is very difficult to filter. Better for pre filter the majority of sediment first. For that reason this is not the best lightweight filter for thru hiking where water quality can be very poor.
This water bottle filter is capable of holding up to 16 ounces of water. This makes it the perfect addition for hiking as you can fill it up at a water source, then carry on with your hike while the water filters.
It’s easy to use. All you need to do is fill the container, press down on the lid, then drink once the water has had time to filter through.
An interesting feature is that it’s been designed for harsh environments. The filter itself contains two layers of media to ensure that you’re drinking safely during your adventures. This works to enhance impurity removal, and also gives you a second layer of protection.
Overall, this is one of the best backpacking water bottle filters and water purifiers for overseas travel to areas with very sketchy water sources.
> Versatile – can be used with a water bottle or adapter hose for larger containers
> Fast – produces 2 quarts of water per minute
> Replaceable components – you can easily replace some of the internal filters to keep it working for many years to come
> Expensive – costs a bit more than some competitor filters
> Heavy – Not lightweight but very effective
If you’re a passionate hiker who’s looking for something that will last you for several adventures, the Katadyn Vario water pump filter is the perfect choice.
The Katadyn Vario is pricier than some competitor products, however, it includes a range of features that make it a worthy investment. You can even replace some of the internal components for longevity.
I used one of the early versions of these pump filters back in the 1990s when I hiked my way around Alaska and South America. It worked perfectly to filter all the worst water sources back then and this model is no different.
This pump filter is super easy to use. All you need to do is give it a simple turn to make use of the ceramic pre-filter. Add the suction end into your water source, then use the pump to filter clean water through into your water bottle.
It is capable of producing up to 2 quarts per minute in the faster flow mode. If you want to ensure that your filter lasts you for longer, you can choose the longer life mode, which produces 1 quart of water per minute.
A wonderful feature of the Katadyn Vario is how versatile it is. The adapter base can be used with water bottles directly, or you can attach it to an output hose to fill larger containers. This will make it a versatile addition to your hiking and camping gear.
This is one of the best expedition water pump filters for remote areas.
best pump water filter for backpacking
> Compact – easy to carry and pack away with your hiking gear
> Transparent – see the filtration process in action
> Effective – proven to get rid of harmful bacteria and protozoan cysts
> Requires rinsing – you will need to rinse the water filter first before you use it
Heavy – Not ultralight but very effective
The Katadyn Hiker Pro transparent water pump filter and purifier is the essential piece of kit that you need for your hiking expeditions.
It’s been proven to protect users from bacteria and protozoa, as well as harmful parasites that can lurk in natural water sources.
The Katadyn Hiker Pro makes use of activated carbon in its core to make water taste better. The activated carbon works to reduce the chemicals that appear in the water, too.
A great feature of the Katadyn Hiker Pro is that you can see the filtration process working. Thanks to its transparent nature, you’ll be able to see the filtration process in action, giving you extra peace of mind.
It also comes with features to ensure it lasts you a lifetime, including a cleanable filter protector screen.
You won’t have to worry about this water filter purifier system being a burden to carry. It may not be the lightest filter in this review but it is very effective. The compact size can easily be fitted in with the rest of your hiking essentials ready for you to use when you need it most.
Another great backpacking water filter system for expedition style trips or when hiking in groups in remote areas.
> Compact – features a collapsible flask for easier portability
> Effective – removes 99.9999% of bacteria and 99.9% of harmful parasites
> Long lasting – filter life up to 1,000 liters of contaminated water
> Biological filter – not designed for chemically polluted water
Another great product from Katadyn, the Katadyn BeFree 0.6L water filter is the perfect choice if you want something even more compact.
What’s great about this Katadyn BeFree is that you can easily fold up the bag when it’s not in use. This means it won’t take up loads of room in your pack.
This filter is highly effective. It works to remove harmful bacteria and protozoa from your water sources. So you won’t have to worry about whether the water you’re drinking will harm you or not!
The filter itself is super easy to clean after your hiking trips, too. Simply shake or swish the filter to get rid of any debris.
The Katadyn BeFree water filter is capable of filtering up to 1,000 liters of contaminated water. This makes it the perfect addition to your hiking equipment and should last you for ages.
A simple water filter that is great for traveling and trail running. Just fill from a stream when trail running and off you go.
> Lightweight – only weighs 2.4 ounces
> Versatile – can be combined with tubing or a bottle for easier drinking
> Effective – removes the vast majority of bacteria, harmful parasites, and other unwanted contaminants
> Tubing not included – if you want to use tubing this will need to be bought separately
The EHS water filter is a great choice if you have your heart set on a water filter straw. Slightly cheaper than the Lifestraw but just as effective.
This particular filter has been designed to be attached to tubing so that you don’t have to get close to the water source in order to use it.
Simply attach the tubing to the end, dip this in your water source, and drink away. You can also easily attach a water bottle to the end instead of the straw instead if you would prefer to use it that way.
This water filter is highly effective. It’s capable of filtering out 99.99% of particles and other harmful materials. It also works to reduce the amount of microplastics, silt, and waste that may be present in the source water.
The EHS water filter is super lightweight and only weighs roughly 2.4 ounces. This will make it the perfect addition to your hiking backpack as it won’t take up too much room, and won’t be noticeably heavy in your pack.
A great alternative to the Lifestraw Personal Water Filter at a cheaper price.
> Highly effective – removes 99% of harmful substances
> Gravity operated – no need to get pumping for cleaner water
> Long lasting – can filter up to 100,000 gallons of water
> Gravity reliant – needs gravity in order to filter properly
The Waterdrop gravity water filter will be a welcome addition to any hiker’s equipment. This particular water filter uses gravity to filter the water you find from natural sources.
Simply fill up the water bag, then wait for gravity to do the hard work for you. You can even attach this to any water bottles you have if you want the water to go into an easy to use container.
The equipment itself is lightweight, and won’t take up much room in your backpack when empty. This smaller frame also gives you a much larger capacity than competitive water filters. It’s capable of filtering up to 100,000 gallons of water, so will last you for many years to come.
The Waterdrop gravity water filter for backpacking is quite efficient. This water filter reduces 99% of harmful substances, leaving you with clean water that’s safe to drink. It even makes use of an activated carbon filter to help improve the taste of the water it filters.
One of the best basecamp or group gravity filters with a decent flow rate. Also great when hiking in the desert where large amounts of water need to be filtered between water sources.
> Compact – small and lightweight for easier portability
> Effective – removes 99.9999% of harmful bacteria, parasites, and microplastics
> Portable – comes with a carry strap for easier portability
> Cheap – Not many cheaper water filter straws than this one
> Pricey – pricey compared to some similar water filter straw products
You’ll have all the filtering power you need with the SimPure water filter straw. This particular product comes with 4 different straws for you to use while hiking.
You can easily have one for all your family and friends who will be accompanying you on your adventure. Or you can save the additional water filters for the next time you need them!
The SimPure water filter straw is highly effective and easy to use. This particular water filter works to remove 99.9999% of unwanted bacteria and parasites, as well as microplastics.
You can even drink straight from the water source. So you won’t have to worry about waiting ages for the straw to filter the water beforehand!
An interesting feature of this backpacking water filter straw is that it comes with a carrying strap. This means you can easily carry the straw around your neck for easier access. You won’t have to go digging through your backpack to find it if you want to get a drink!
Yet another budget version of the Lifestraw Person Straw.
More Great Water Filters
Here are some great hiking water filters that are not on the main list. Most have not been tested yet:
- Platypus Gravityworks – The Platypus gravityworks is a great for groups. It uses hollow fiber technology to filter the water. If traveling in groups of 4 or more then this would be one of the best backpacking gravity filter for groups.
- MSR Miniworks EX : The MSR Miniworks EX is a great filter for remote areas and expedition travel but the Katadyn filters are also great.
- MSR Guardian : The MSR Guardian is just too expensive for anyone other than a Guiding Company looking for a top quality hollow fiber gravity filter and water purifier.
- Lifestraw Flex : I am currently using the Lifestraw Flex and will add to this water filter review when I have had a good chance to test it.
- Steripen Ultra : I have used the Steripen Ultra for several years. It uses UV Light to kill the bugs in the water. The UV Light system takes a while to give you the confidence that it is doing the job of water treatment by killing protozoa, bacteria and viruses. Despite some warranty issues early on I still use it. Review coming soon.
Ultralight Water Filters for Hiking Buyer’s Guide
Trying to find the best lightweight water filter for thru hiking or backpacking is not an easy task. There are so many different types of water filter to choose from, and with so many different weights. Rather than drink directly from a river or stream keep reading for more info on water filters to remove bacteria, protozoa and viruses.
Types of Filtration Systems
There are 8 main types of water filtration systems:
- Pump Filters
- Chemical Treatments
- Gravity Filters
- Straw Filters
- Squeeze Filters
- Filtered Water Bottles
- UV Light Filters
- Boiling Water
Most Pump Filters use a hand pump and are generally heavier than all the other filters and best suited to expedition style trips into the backcountry. It takes a lot more effort to use these filters but they have the advantage of usually having the best filters that can also act as water purifiers.
Usually they use a ceramic filter instead of hollow fiber filters which makes them heavier but more reliable and for the most part they will be easier to clean.
Chemical treatment generally use chemicals to kill the bacteria, protozoa, viruses and other nasty things in the water. Chemicals such as chlorine dioxide tablets, iodine and odorless bleach are among the best and should be a part of any purification system. Chlorine Dioxide is the most common chemical treatment and this system should be in every backpackers rucksack.
The main downside of this method is the wait time, which is usually 30 minutes. While I prefer squeeze filters as my primary treatment method I always carry these with me as a backup. Take a look at the review of the Best Water Purification Tablets for a better understanding of why you need to carry these with you on every backpacking trip.
A Gravity filter is one of the best backpacking water filters and as a water purifier for backpacking in large groups. Gravity filters are able to filter large quantities of water very quickly due to the fast flow rate. When hiking in a large group it is often very weight efficient compared to each group member carrying their own filters.
Straw Filters are the small lightweight water filters that are simple to use and only need to be placed into the water and used like a normal drinking straw. The straw filter lacks the functionality of most of the other water filtration devices in this review but they still work great and are very simple. The 0.2 microns filters are good enough to remove all the nasty bugs but not viruses.
They are almost the complete opposite of a gravity filter which is best suited to group hiking trips. The Straw filter is best suited to solo backpacking and as an emergency water filter.
Squeeze filters are the best choice for the ultralight hikers and solo hikers. They are lightweight, simple and do a great job. These filters can be attached to an inline hydration bladder or to a drinking bottle such as a smart water bottle. They can be easily cleaned by back-flushing while out in the field. These 0.2 microns filters are my choice for ultralight thru hikers but they cannot remove viruses.
Compared to pump and gravity filters they are much lighter and usually quite a lot cheaper but will block up quicker and require back flushing which is very easy to do. They also have a lower flow rate than other filters.
Filtered Water Bottles
Filtered Water Bottles are the best choice for travelers and not really the best for taking into the backcountry. Some water filters and purifiers can filter not only the bacteria and protozoa but also plastics.
Some have carbon filters which is the preferred treatment method to reduce the smell and chemicals in the water for the total water purification systems. The bottled filters usually last a long time can can be replaced when they have reached their end of life.
UV Light Filters
Using an Ultraviolet Light Filter is great as a water purifier for backpacking trips. They use UV light purifiers to kill the protozoa and bacteria and viruses present in the water. This water purification method is great for traveling and great in the backcountry when the water is not too dirty.
Unlike other filters and purifiers that use a filter the treated water may still have dirt or sediment which some people may not like. If hiking in areas with sediment in the water the ability to filter water to remove sediment is preferred.
The best ones use a rechargeable battery and can treat 1 liter of water in 90 seconds. When it comes to killing protozoa, bacteria and viruses, the Ultraviolet Light Water Filter works best.
The age old method of boiling water never fails to kill all the nasty bugs in the water. It is a water purification method that works. Just be sure to make sure the water is on a rolling boil for at least 2 minutes. Also take int account altitude. If at high altitude the water will boil at a lower temperature which limits how well it can kill all the bugs.
Filtering Bacteria, Protozoa, Viruses and Parasites
The most important factor to consider is what kind of filtration your chosen water filter is able to offer you.
There is all manner of harmful viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasites lurking in natural water. I found this out the hard way. I have picked up both Giardia and Cryptosporidium while in the backcountry on hiking trips. Cryptosporidium and Giardia are both unpleasant and preventable with a good filter.
It is worth noting that not all filters will kill all bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Viruses usually are so small they are not filtered from the water by most filters.
Good water filters for backpacking can also remove harmful chemicals. This will of course depend on where exactly you go hiking, as there may be no need to worry about human interference if you’re out in the wild.
The best backpacking water filters can remove microplastics. These are known to slip through water treatment plants and get released into water systems around the globe.
Removing Taste and Chemicals
An activated carbon filter attached to the main filter is best to remove chemicals and the bad smell of polluted water sources. But carbon filters need to be replaced regularly, often after as little as 100 liters of filtering. I have used activated carbon filters many times over the years. In my opinion they work best when traveling overseas and filtering water from sketchy hotel rooms. Overall, the activated carbon does a great job of reducing chemicals and taste from water.
In really bad areas you will need to pre filter the water. Many years ago I was backpacking trip in the remote sections of Denali National Park and my only water source was from a heavily silted glacier. The dark grey water for so silty I had to put the water into my pot and allow it to sit for at least an hour before I could filter it.
If I had something a pre filter I could have filtered the water much easier. Pre filtering with something such a clean cloth or pantyhose can be used to great affect when on backpacking trips where the water is disgusting.
The flow rate refers to the amount of water that can be filtered in a given period of time, usually measured in liters per minute. Most of the units in this review had a flow rate of between 0.5 L/min to 2.5 L/min. Gravity filters do well with this metric and units such as the straw style filters are the slowest.
Most of the filters in this review have a filter life of at least 1000 liters. To put that in context that is a lot of water and is enough for most people to use for 100 nights of use or more.
You will of course want a water filtration system that’s lightweight. This makes it easier to carry around while you go hiking.
Take a look at how much the backpacking water filters weigh. A compact filter will also be easier to stash away in your backpack when it’s not in use.
When hiking in a group it is possible to share the weight of the larger bulkier filters. A gravity filter may be heavier than an inline filter that attaches to a water bottle but when the weigh is shared between 4 people or more they work out to be lighter.
Take a look at other customer’s reviews. This should be a good indicator of how easy the water filter is to carry, as some customers will make a note of how heavy or light the water filter was to carry on their own hiking expeditions.
Easy to use
There are so many different types of water filters available. You should opt for a water filter or purifier that’s easy for you to use.
The last thing you’ll want while you’re out hiking is a water filter that’s too complicated to use in a pinch! Take a look at the style of water filter that you would prefer.
Overall, there are many methods that can be used for water purification. Which water purification method and filter you choose is up to you. I have used all the methods described in this review and each have pros and cons depending on the purpose of the backpacking trip and how many people are coming along.
Overall, here are the best backpacking water filter for thru hiking and camping on the market in 2022:
- Sawyer Squeeze
- LifeStraw Personal
- Sawyer MINI
- GRAYL Ultrapress Water Purifier
- Katadyn Vario
- Katadyn Hiker Pro Transparent
- Katadyn BeFree 0.6L
- EHS Water Filter
- Waterdrop Gravity
- SimPure Water Filter Straw
Frequently Asked Questions
The best water filters for hiking are:
GRAYL Ultra Water Purifier
Katadyn Hiker Pro Transparent
Katadyn BeFree 0.6L
EHS Water Filter
Waterdrop Gravity Filter
SimPure Water Filter Straw
You can filter water while backpacking by using a water filter! There are many different types to choose from.
Some feature a straw design that you stick into your water source; some require you to pump the water through the filter; some even use gravity to do all the work for you.
You can take a look at the best ultralight water filters for hiking above to get you started with the best water filters for your backpacking needs.
Another one of the Best Hiking Gear Reviews from BikeHikeSafari.
- Best Water Purification Tablets for Backpacking
- Best Hiking Water Bottles with Filters
- Best Ultralight Backpacking Stoves
- Best Backpacking Cookware